It is not healthy for your gums to bleed when you brush and floss, even if it is painless. Sometimes very vigorous brushing can cause a little blood, but if you’re having regular episodes of bleeding, it’s because you have gum disease. You’re likely to see other symptoms, like receding gums (your gums will be pulling up from your teeth, exposing the tops and making your teeth look longer than they normally would) and inflammation. You may also have pus inside your mouth and get bad breath.
The most common cause of gum disease is poor dental care. It means you’re not brushing and flossing enough. The plaque in your mouth hardens into tartar and this erodes the bone and forces your gums back, also causing them to swell. Even though it makes your gums bleed, you need to step up your brushing and flossing to remove the infection. Now that you have gum disease, it’s a good idea to brush and floss three times a day. It’s also a good plan if to rinse your mouth with an antimicrobial rinse like Listerine. This will kill the germs related to your disease if your gums are bleeding during brushing. If your gums don’t bleed during a brushing session, just rinse with plain water. Eating healthy can also help.
You also need to see your dentist and have him or her examine your teeth and give you some deep cleanings to remove all the plaque and tartar. Your dentist should decide what else to do. He or she may end up referring you to a gum disease specialist.
Of course, there can be other causes of bleeding gums. If you’re a smoker, that is likely the cause and the only way to stop more dangerous bacteria from gathering in your gums is to quit. If you’re stressed out, your body is going to be too taxed to properly ward off gum disease. If you have a family history of gum disease, that could also be the cause. Have your DNA tested to see if this is the case. You may need to look at laser treatments and surgical options if you discover a serious strain. If your teeth are crooked, that could also be it. Check with your dentist and take care of your gums!